Famous Russian's poet A. Pushkin was born in Moscow on May 26, 1799 (Old Style) into on ancient but impoverished family of the nobility. Pushkin's mother, nee Hannibal, was a descendant of Abraham Hannibal, an Ethiopian who served under Peter the Great as Engineer, General. Pushkin studied at the Tsarskoye Selo Lycee from 1811 to 1817 and received the best education available in Russia at the time. His first poems were printed in 1814 and by 1820 Pushkin was already an experienced poet.
After graduating from the Lyceum, he was given a sinecure in the Collegium of Foreign Affairs in Petersburg. A. Pushkin wrote anti-government epigrams.
Pushkin incurred the tsar's wrath and the poet was exiled to the South. The poet lived in Kishinev and in Odessa but in 1824 was ordered to take up residence at his parents' estate of Mihailowskoe in the Pskov province and the next two years, from August 1824 to August 1826 he spent at Mihailowskoe in exile and under surveillance. Mihailowskoe is located 120 kilometers from Pskov city. During this period - it can be called his romantic period - Pushkin wrote a cycle of longer poems. It was at Mihailowskoe that Pushkin's poetic genius reached its full development, it's innate realism coming to the fore.
Pushkin was married to Natalia Goncharova on February 18, 1831, in Moscow. In 1836, Pushkin founded the journal Sovremennik (The Contemporary) but the hostility towards him of the ruling circles, the court intrigues which took place with the tsar's cognizance were suffocating him.
A duel with d'Anthes, the adopted son of the Dutch ambassador to Russia, led to Pushkin's untimely death. He was buried beside his mother at dawn on February 6, 1837 at Svyatye Gory Monastery, near Mihailowskoe.
His major works are: the novel in verse "Eugeny Onegin", narrative poems such as "The Bronze Horseman", the verse dramas "Boris Godunov", "Mozart and Salieri" and "The Stone Guest", the verse fairy tales: "The Tale of the Tsar Saltan" and "The Tale of the Golden Cockerel", so wonderful "Ruslan and Lyudmila", the historical novel "The Captain’s Daughter", the prose tale "The Queen of Spades" and a large body of the finest lyric poetry.